What is sleep apnea?

SAHS (Sleep Apnea and Hypopnea Syndrome) is the most frequent of respiratory disorders that occur during sleep. It is characterized by the presence of repeated episodes of complete obstruction (apneas) or partial (hypopnea) of the upper airway due to the relaxation of the throat muscles or the existence of one or more narrow areas in the upper airway (from the nose to the glottis).


The apneas cause decrease of oxygen in the blood, which can be very severe, and a small awakening that the sleeper does not perceive, but that allows him to recover normal breathing until the next episode occurs. If this is repeated many times per hour in one night (from 5 to 100), the result is a restless sleep, which the patient notices upon awakening and causes excessive sleepiness during the day, character alterations, irritability, depression, anxiety, loss of memory, difficulty learning and sexual dysfunction.


SAHS can also cause cardiovascular disorders such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and heart failure that are a frequent cause of death in the medium to long term in untreated patients.

What treatment modalities do we offer?

In RT specialist we offer the most common sleep apnea treatment is the administration of continuous positive airway pressure nasally with a fan. It is a mask attached to a turbine that emits air at a certain pressure and prevents obstruction of the upper respiratory tract.


There are different types of ventilators: CPAP and BPAP.


In RT specialist we supply these two modalities always under the indication of the doctor responsible for the prescription.The CPAP emits an invariable and continuous predetermined pressure level that keeps the upper airway open.The BPAP or SYSTEM BINIVEL emits two levels of pressure, inspiratory and expiratory. The system is used to treat central, non-obstructive sleep apnea, and severe or poorly controlled SAHS with CPAP.


In addition, RT specialist markets equipment and accessories for alternative or complementary treatments for sleep apnea. These systems affect the position that the patient adopts at bedtime, and avoid the supine position. The use of this type of accessories must always be controlled and indicated by the prescribing physician